China has long been developing its naval capability. Western nations are now concerned about the size and capability of the Chinese submarine force. It is believed that China has developed a fleet of submarines capable of carrying ballistic missiles and nuclear warheads.
This comes at a time when China is showing increasing interest in the Arctic. For example Denmark are concern by Chinese plans to build a research station and satellite base on Greenland.
Despite having no land on the Arctic, China has been increasing submarine activity in the region. So far China have openly sought to increase their civilian activity in the region; however Arctic nations say this will lead to an increase in military activity.
Read More: Reuters